What is 3-dimensional hydration?
It consists of providing moisture to the skin in all of its dimensions:
The cell. Thanks to polarised water, we boost the absorption of water through cell walls.
The deepest layers of the skin. Thanks to APS, water is able to reach the deepest layers of the skin.
Horny layer. Phospholipids help store moisture, preventing it from evaporating.
Hydration is undoubtedly the main goal in skincare. However, there are other important factors that cause the skin to look dull, sallow and lifeless. One of these is "cellular intoxication", defined as the accumulation of toxins inside skin cells. In normal conditions, cells have their own purifying mechanisms that get rid of and destroy these toxins. Two of these are proteasomes (widely studied in cosmetics) and autophagy (purifying process by which autophagosomes remove fragments of oxidised proteins from cells).